How Does the Brain Affect Our Lives? - (Part 9)


A Book Review: Younger Brains, Sharper Brains by Eric R. Braverman, M.D.

by Maggie Dail, M.A., Learning Specialist


The Four Types of Memory

Many divide memory differently, but take a look at Braverman’s memory. From his perspective there are four with each one ruled by one of the four brain chemicals.

  1. Verbal (auditory) memory –

  2. Needed for: decoding sounds, words, sentences, and stories.

  3. The ability to absorb and retain auditory input.

  4. Found in the temporal lobes.

  5. GABA found here.


2. Visual memory –

  1. The ability to absorb and retain visual input.

  2. Includes – faces, shapes, designs, surroundings, pictures and symbols

  3. Found in the occipital lobes.

3. Immediate memory –

  1. Short term – only 30 seconds

  2. Visual and verbal

  3. Can’t remember recent, but still can remember remote past.

  4. Found in the parietal lobes.

  5. Ruled by acetylcholine.


4. Working memory-

  1. Most important form

  2. Ability to absorb, retain and associate with previously learned information.

  3. Generally found high in intuitive and introverted people.


Long Term Memory Correlates with Working Memory

  • Absorbing and retaining information leads to storing long term

  • Working memory also critical for executive function

  • Executive function – central organization function of brain

  • Frontal lobes regulated by dopamine, handle motor control, concentration, problem-solving skills, planning, retention, — functions of working memory.

  • Working memory puts past, present, and future together p. 53-54

Next time we will continue to address Memory, including Vision and Daily Living Activities.