We continue to summarize the research article of Camina and Guell on how ongoing research understands our memory. Next, they tackled short-term memory.
Camina and Guell define the next step as follows: “Short-term memory is the ability to keep a small amount of information available for a short period of time.”
Over the years, researchers have tested many theories about whether the short-term memory is a storehouse or a processer. Atkinson and Shiffrin believed that short-term memory was central interacting with both sensory memory and long-term memory, “a storehouse of limited capacity.” Further they theorized that the longer the information stayed in the storehouse, the more likely it would stay in long-term memory. Other researchers have not found this last point to be true (Cowan, 1988-1999, Goldman-Rakic, 1995, Craik & Lockhart, 1972 and Braddeley & Hitch, 1974).
Craik and Lockart (1972) “understood memory not as a process through which information is deepened at higher levels until it becomes part of long-term memory, but rather as a system of storehouses. Despite an emphasis on information processing (instead of structure), they continued to accept the existence of short-term memory as independent from long-term memory.”
On the other hand, Baddeley and Hitch (1974) “contemplated a multi-component working memory instead of a storage unit in the short term.”
Thus, some of the things that a short-term storehouse would do include coding, central processing, decision, retrieval strategies and rehearsal.
We will continue with Camina and Guell’s survey of research on memory next time focusing on working memory.
Thankfully, these researchers have explored the depth and complexity of God’s creation to aid our understanding. Our purpose is to understand how a person is thinking to maximize learning. Nonetheless, without fully understanding one can rejoice in God’s creation.
I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Marvelous are Your works, And that my soul knows very well.